Hardwood is wood from trees that have broad leaves that are shed annually in temperate regions of the world. The seeds of hardwood trees are recognized as fruiting bodies like nuts or acorns. They are usually decidious in temperate and boreal latitudes, but mostly evergreen in tropical and sub-tropical regions.
Hardwoods are employed in a large range of applications, including fuel, tools, construction, boat building, furniture making, musical instruments, flooring, cooking, barrels, and manufacture of charcoal. Hardwoods can also be used to make a variety of objects, but in North America are used mainly for furniture or musical instruments because of their density. Different species of hardwood lend themselves to different end uses or construction processes. This is due to the variety of characteristics apparent in different timbers, including: density, grain, pore size, growth and fiber pattern, flexibility and ability to be steam bent.